Most ozone (about 90%) is found in the stratosphere, which begins about 10 kilometers above Earth's surface and extends up to about 50 kilometers altitude. The stratospheric region with the highest ozone concentration is commonly known as the ozone layer.
The ozone layer extends over the entire globe with some variation in altitude and thickness. The remaining ozone, about 10%, is found in the troposphere, which is the lowest region of the atmosphere, between Earth's surface and the stratosphere.
The ozone layer contains less than 10 parts per million (ppm) of ozone, while the average ozone concentration in Earth's atmosphere as a whole is about 0.3 parts per million (ppm).
Ozone in the Earth's stratosphere is created by ultraviolet light striking ordinary ozygenmolecules containing two oxygen atoms (O2), splitting them into individual oxygen atoms (O). The atomic oxygen then combines with unbroken ordinary oxygen molecules (O2) to create ozone (O3). The UV light from the sun act as the energy source in this process.
O2 + ℎνuv (photon) → 2O
O + O2 ↔ O3
Ultraviolet radiation with wavelengths 100-200 nm forms ozone (O3) from oxygen molecules (O2). That is how the JIMCO UV-C & Ozone air purification treatment is formed.